Pais, Sidónio

   Leading political figure during the First Republic, minister to Berlin for the republic, and ill-fated president of the republic (1917-18) as well as founder of the New Republic system. Born in the Minho district to a family of modest means, Sidónio Pais was one of the most brilliant students in mathematics of his generation at Coimbra University, the pre-1926 crucible for so many of Portugal's future political leaders. Following his doctorate in mathematics at Coimbra, he became a faculty member at that institution and entered republican politics. He joined Brito Camacho's moderate republican party, the Unionists, and served as Portugal's minister to Berlin, 1912-16.
   A reserve army major, Pais was ambitious as well as idealist ic, and sought to reform the republic's turbulent, inefficient system. He headed the military coup and insurrection of 5-8 December 1917, which overthrew the Afonso Costa government and ousted the Portuguese Republican Party from power. Sidónio Pais engineered a novel regime called the New Republic during 1917-18 and was elected president of the republic in the spring of 1918. This new government sought to reconcile monarchists and republicans and to stabilize politics. Described by admirers as "half prince, half condottiere" Sidónio Pais's experiment was short-lived and soon collapsed in chaos. Pais was assassinated by a fanatic republican at Rossio railroad station on 14 December 1918.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sidonio Pais — Sidónio Bernardino Cardoso da Silva Pais [siˈðɔniw bɨɾnaɾˈðinu kɐɾˈðozu pajʃ] (* 1. Mai 1872 in Caminha; † 14. Dezember 1918 in Lissabon) war ein portugiesischer Militär und Putschist, später Präsident seines Landes. Vom 5. Dezember 1917 bis zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sidonio Pais — Sidónio Pais Sidónio Pais 4e président de la République portugaise …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sidónio Pais — Mandats 4e président de la République portugaise 28 avril …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sidónio Pais — Sidónio Bernardino Cardoso da Silva Pais Sidónio Bernardino Cardoso da Silva Pais [siˈðɔniw bɨɾnaɾˈðinu kɐɾˈðozu pajʃ] (* 1. Mai 1872 in Caminha; † 14. Dezember 1918 in Lissabon) war ein portugiesischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sidónio Pais — Manuel Gomes da Costa hacia los años 1920 4º presidente de Portugal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sidónio Pais — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = name =Sidónio Pais honorific suffix = imagesize =200px caption = order =Minister of Foment term start =September 3, 1911 term end =November 12, 1911 primeminister =João Chagas predecessor =Brito Camacho… …   Wikipedia

  • Sidonio — puede referirse a: Lo relativo a Sidón Genéricamente, a todo lo fenicio o lo púnico (bien de forma intercambiable o bien en oposición con lo tirio lo relativo a Tiro, la otra gran metrópolis fenicia o con lo cartaginés la gran colonia fenicia )… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sidónio Pais — Sidónio Bernardino Cardoso da Silva Pais (Coimbra, Portugal, 1 de mayo de 1872 Lisboa, Portugal, 14 de diciembre de 1918, militar y político portugués, quinto presidente de la República Portuguesa, conocido como el Presidente Rey . Fue oficial de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pais — oder País ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Abraham Pais (1918–2000), niederländischer Physiker Arie Pais (* 1930), niederländischer Politiker Ettore Pais (1856–1939), italienischer Althistoriker und Klassischer Archäologe Frank País… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joao do Canto e Castro — João do Canto e Castro da Silva Antunes [ˈʒu̯ɐ̃u̯ du ˈkɐ̃tu i ˈkaʃtɾu dɐ ˈsiɫvɐ ɐ̃ˈtunɨʃ] (* 19. Mai 1862 in Lissabon; † 14. März 1934 ebenda) war ein portugiesischer Admiral und Politiker, von 1918 bis 1919 Staatspräsident der ersten Republik in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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